Ancient Medicine (2nd Edition) by Vivian Nutton

By Vivian Nutton

The 1st variation of old drugs was once the main entire exam of the drugs of the traditional international for 100 years. the recent version comprises the most important discoveries made because the first version, specially from vital texts came upon in fresh unearths of papyri and manuscripts, making it the main accomplished and up to date survey to be had. Vivian Nutton can pay specific awareness to the existence and paintings of medical professionals in groups, hyperlinks among drugs and magic, and examines different methods to medication around the historical global. the hot variation contains extra on Rufus and Galen in addition to augmented info on Babylonia, Hellenistic medication and past due Antiquity. With lately came across texts made available for the 1st time, and supplying new proof, this large exploration demanding situations at present held views, and proves a useful source for college students of either classics and the background of medication.

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70 This definition allows historians an inclusive model for understanding the medical world of Antiquity that can embrace questions about the efficacity of herbal or surgical treatments as well as the role of religious healing. It can discuss 16 SOURCES AND SCOPE the philosophical speculations of Galen alongside the practical farming of Cato, Hippocratic meteorology as well as Egyptian amulets. Such a comprehensive view of healing is not new. 71 A comprehensive history of medicine on the scale he envisaged would be a history of humanity of Galenic proportions, which is perhaps why it has never been attempted since.

4 The number of large cities grew in the Hellenistic and Roman period, including Alexandria (Egypt), Antioch, Ephesus and Smyrna (all in modern Turkey), and Rome itself, whose population has been estimated at between 750,000 and 2 million by AD 10, but these were exceptional. 5 They confirm the earlier pattern: most of the 19 PATTERNS OF DISEASE population lived in what we would now term villages, rarely with more than 3,000 inhabitants, although site surveys in Italy and elsewhere have shown more evidence for an inhabited countryside than previously suspected.

73 But there is little hint that considerations of public health played a great part in their establishment compared with considerations of aesthetics, the donor’s personal prestige and, particularly in Rome, the need to prevent disorder in the heart of the Empire. 76 But the city as a political entity did not pursue a major role in matters to do with health, except for its own administrative purposes: doctors, for instance, would be needed to serve the army and to act as expert witnesses in cases of murder or serious injury.

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