By Georges Roux
The e-book offers an creation to the heritage of old Mesopotamia and its civilizations, incorporating archaeological and old reveals as much as 1992.
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Additional resources for Ancient Iraq (3rd Edition)
Let us, therefore, beware of using the very frequent term " Indo-Germanic " for "Indo-European". Giles places the habitat of the oldest nation speaking an Indo-European language in the region bounded on the east by the Carpathians and on the south by the Balkans, that is in the plains of the middle Danube. The steppes of Southern Russia may also be taken into consideration. So the migrations to Asia went either by the north of the Black Sea and by the Caucasus (H. Hirt) or by the other side of the Caspian, or else over the Bosphorus and through Asia Minor (Giles).
The spring went by, while Alexander methodically prepared his advance, diverting the enemy's attention by various feints. When the day came, the Macedonian must indeed have seemed to come down like a thunderbolt, for a body of his troops suddenly crossed the river, at some distance from the main army, in a violent storm. The elephants, on which the Paurava had counted to create alarm among the enemy, were turned by the cavalry, 11,000 32 HISTORY in number, led by Alexander himself. This cavalry, with the aid of archers from Central Asia, decided the battle ; the infantry stepped in when the Indians were already thrown into utter confusion.
In the west, from Kashmir to Rajputana, one finds the purest white race. The black element predominates in the Deccan, but does not present the hair and lips of the negroids. Yellow-skins with high cheek-bones live in the neighbourhood of Tibet and Upper Burma. Although these various types have been infinitely mixed by crossing, districts keep a population which is all the more characteristic if the country is less easily cultivated, whether it be desert or mountainous. There are still, for example, very primitive elements in the Deccan.