Anatomy of Flowering Plants: An Introduction to Structure by Paula J. Rudall

By Paula J. Rudall

Within the 3rd version of her winning textbook, Paula Rudall offers a finished but succinct advent to the anatomy of flowering crops. completely revised and up to date all through, the ebook covers all features of comparative plant constitution and improvement, prepared in a chain of chapters at the stem, root, leaf, flower, seed and fruit. inner buildings are defined utilizing magnification aids from the easy hand-lens to the electron microscope. a number of references to fresh topical literature are incorporated, and new illustrations replicate a variety of flowering plant species. The phylogenetic context of plant names has additionally been up-to-date due to better knowing of the relationships between flowering crops. This basically written textual content is perfect for college kids learning a variety of classes in botany and plant technology, and can be a great source for pro and novice horticulturists.

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Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons: Lamiales (except Acanthaceae including Avicenniaceae)

During this quantity, 24 flowering plant households comprising a complete of 911 genera are taken care of. They symbolize the asterid order Lamiales aside from Acanthaceae (including Avicenniaceae), in an effort to be incorporated in a later quantity. even if lots of the constituent households of the order were well-known as being heavily similar some time past, the inclusion of the households Byblidaceae, Carlemanniaceae and Plocospermataceae is the end result normally of modern molecular systematic learn.

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B ¼ bar of scalariform perforation plate, r ¼ ray. Scale ¼ 100 mm. element walls are helically thickened, and in many Fabaceae the pit apertures are surrounded by numerous warty protuberances, termed vesturing19. Perforated ray cells, an unusual feature of some woods, are ray cells that link two vessel elements and themselves resemble and function as vessel elements, with perforation plates corresponding to those of the adjacent vessel elements. However, like other ray cells, perforated ray cells are formed from ray initials rather than from fusiform initials, like vessel elements.

Vicia faba) there is an undifferentiated initiating region common to all root tissues102. The active region is termed the promeristem. The junction between the root cap and the root apical meristem is either clearly defined by a distinct cell boundary (termed closed organization, as in Zea mays and Arabidopsis thaliana), or ill-defined (termed open structure, as in Vicia faba: Fig. g. in Daucus carota)11,21. In open meristems the boundary between the cap and the rest of the root is unstable. 2 Vicia faba (Fabaceae), longitudinal section of root apex, showing open apical structure.

The cells of the quiescent centre divide infrequently; their role is obscure, but they maintain initial cells in an undifferentiated state. These cells, together with the root cap initials, are derived from the uppermost cell of the suspensor (hypophysis) in the embryo18 (Fig. 7). Cell division activity occurs in the cells surrounding the quiescent centre. 1 Diagram of root apical organization in Zea mays (Poaceae), a species with closed structure. Arrows indicate direction of displacement of cell derivatives.

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