Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in by Gordon Marshall

By Gordon Marshall

What's the relation among social type and social justice? this is often at the moment a question of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new learn the authors assemble fresh advancements in normative puzzling over social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the learn of sophistication and justice, person who should be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for future years.

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Extra info for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

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It proved impossible to distinguish the higher and lower elements of the service class in the same way across all countries—so we work (in the main) with an undifferentiated salariat. Although we can distinguish small proprietors according to the size of their workforce in several data-sets, the cases involved are so few that differentiation within this class is counter-productive, since it serves merely to create large numbers of empty cells in some of our tables (especially in the former communist states).

The 5-category and 3-category versions used in Heath et al. (1985), and the two-category collapse in Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992b). ) Classic studies include Blau and Duncan (1967) and Featherman and Hauser (1978). The status attainment programme sees the principal 37 interest of mobility studies as lying in the attempt to specify those attributes which are characteristic of individuals who end up in the more desirable rather than the less desirable jobs. Typically, these studies investigate the extent to which the present occupational status of individuals is associated with the status of their family of origin, rather than individual achievements such as educational attainment or other indicators of skill and ability.

2. Early-industrial and late-industrializing countries do not form tidy categories having their own characteristic patterns or rates of social mobility. The distinction between democratic capitalist and state socialist or post-communist societies is equally unhelpful. As we have already observed, for example, the balance of vertical and non-vertical mobility is the same among Russian (p. 46 ) men as it is among their counterparts in the United States, while that of upward and downward mobility is not much different.

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