By Vivienne Sanders
The Access to History sequence is the most well-liked and relied on sequence for AS- and A-level historical past scholars. the hot variants mix the entire strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and contours that permit all scholars entry to the content material and learn abilities had to in attaining examination good fortune. Civil Rights within the united states, 1945-68 has been written in particular to help the Edexcel and AQA AS devices for the 2008 necessities. It attracts on revered and best-selling content material from Race relatives within the united states, 1860-1981 and adapts this content material with a view to conceal the necessities of the shorter devices. Tracing the advance of African American civil rights within the united states, this name levels from segregation within the Fifties to the expansion of radicalism within the sixties. in the course of the publication, key dates, phrases, and matters are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and assistance written through examiners for every exam board give you the chance to improve examination skills.
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Extra info for Access to History. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-68
Long-serving Southern Democrats who dominated senatorial committees had helped to ensure the defeat of anti-lynching and anti-poll tax bills in the war years. (b) Blacks and social equality in the South in late 1945 (i) Segregation in daily life Every day black citizens in the South would face reminders of their legally enshrined social inequality. In 1945, young Martin Luther King had just emerged from an inferior, segregated school in Atlanta, Georgia, and was attending a sound, but segregated college in that city.
3 The Start of the Civil Rights Movement 1945–60 POINTS TO CONSIDER Many historians see the ‘Martin Luther King years’ of 1956–65 as the ‘classic’ period of the civil rights movement. Others argue that the black activism of those years did not come ‘out of the blue’, and that black activism and changing federal government attitudes were evident from the end of the Second World War, if not before. This chapter looks at: • Why consciousness of racial inequalities increased rapidly between 1945 and 1960 • Why some improvements in the legal, political, social and economic position of blacks were made between 1945 and 1960 • Which individuals, organisations, laws and Supreme Court rulings were the most important in helping and hindering change It does this through the following sections: • President Truman’s early life and career • How much did Truman help blacks?
As in the North, so in Southern cities black women worked in domestic service, cooking, cleaning and childminding for white families, while black men worked in hotels as bellhops or collected city garbage. In the rural South, whole black families scraped a living through sharecropping. Their education and colour trapped many Southern blacks in jobs that wasted their potential. In Texas, future president Lyndon Johnson (see page 140) realised how this deprived the South of abilities that if utilised would help to develop the region, which was the most economically backward part of the nation in 1945.